Table of Contents
- How Covid-19 can Affect a Diabetic Person
- Preparation And Precautions: Two Best Medication to Defend
- Must Do: If Diabetes Patient Get Infected With COVID-19
- Putting Priority to Mental Health
There is nothing to hide that diabetes patients run the risk of possibly developing severe complications from the COVID-19 disease. Early studies done in China also recommend that people with diabetes are more susceptible to COVID-19 than people without this disease.
The coronavirus that causes COVID-19 is a new type of virus. Scientists are exploring and they are yet to find how this virus deals with our immunity system. Here, the example of a patient who has diabetes and gets an additional infection might come handy to understand the situation easily. A person having diabetes gets infected with a virus, may experience serious health consequences.
How Covid-19 can Affect a Diabetic Person
As it is established fact that high blood sugar can reduce our white blood cell’s capacity to combat infection. Therefore, it is highly likely that a person with high blood sugars will have a condensed immune system. This poor immune system makes them more vulnerable to lung complications. Besides, some viruses flourish on high blood glucose levels, which can put the COVID-19 patients with diabetes in worse situations. However, professionals have yet to get sufficient data to create a correlation between blood sugar control and COVID-19 effects.
- Little fact. 35% of people who died from COVID-19 in Italy had diabetes. This illness constitutes the second most common condition among COVID-19 death.
Remember, they may experience serious problems, if the virus catches them. However, vulnerability to get infected with this virus are the same for both diabetics and no-diabetics.
“It’s really not a matter who is at a higher risk of contracting the disease. We’re all on about an equal playing field if we’re following social distancing guidelines and practicing good hygiene such as frequent hand washing. It’s not that diabetic patients have high risk of contracting the disease, but they have a higher risk of complications.”
Dr. Jasmine Gonzalvo, clinical professor of pharmacy practice at Purdue University and director of the Purdue Center for Health Equity and Innovation says
Preparation And Precautions: Two Best Medication to Defend
The preventive measures that professionals are prescribing for mass people can make an effective shield around people with diabetes and other health conditions. Following actions can help decrease the threat of infection for type 1 & 2 diabetes patients:
Cleaning hands frequently
Don’t forget to wash your hands regularly. The basic rules, you have to wash them for no less than 20 seconds using soap and water. Clean your hands before eating your food, going outside or attending a sick person, and after using the toilet or coming into contact with any dirty objects.
Wearing a mask while in public
No one can confine him/herself in the house all the time. To get your daily necessary things, you may need to go places like supermarkets or pharmacies. Besides, scientist found that vitamin-D that we get from sunlight helps protect against Covid-19. Whenever you go to public places, don’t forget to wear a face mask. The CDC has given instruction for making masks at home. They do not appreciate wearing N95 masks, as those are more suitable for health care specialists.
Keeping specified distance, which is minimum six feet, is mandatory from other people. And always evade large crowds. Availing home delivery service for both medications and grocery can help in this cause. If you feel sick, stick at home and separate yourself from other members of the home.
Have sufficient stock of diabetes devices and medications
It is necessary to maintain enough stock of insulin, blood sugar measuring kits, ketone test strips and required tablets.
Philadelphia based diabetes care expert Gary Scheiner informs us that people with diabetes are more susceptible to dehydration, particularly when blood sugars increase. Therefore, it is vital to keep hydrated and maintain enough water stock. Sugar loaded drinks like Powerade can fill the void of electrolytes and energy in case of emergency, if food becomes rare.
Keep taking ACE inhibitors and ARB as prescribed
Don’t stop consuming ACE inhibitor or ARB high blood pressure or diabetes, continue to take them unless your doctor says otherwise. A controversial report claimed that people who use these medications could fall prey to COVID-19 easily. However, no solid evidence has been found to back this claim. Besides, the American Heart Association assures people to continue with these drugs.
Be organised for any situation
High fever is one of the symptoms of covid-19, so make sure that you have enough fever-reducing drugs. Coughing and sneezing can be nagging, keep a few syrup to get rid of them.
Must Do: If Diabetes Patient Get Infected With COVID-19
It is utmost important that we have a clear idea as to what covid-19 can do to a diabetes patient. First and foremost, this particular coronavirus will give a raise to your blood pressure levels. Consequently, this high blood pressure may cause dehydration. If you fell ill, drinking fluids aplenty would be the order of the day. Then, regular check-up of blood pressure. If you don’t know how to measure blood pressure, you can call your doctor for guidance.
Besides, at this time, you have to ramp up your blood sugar checking. Measuring every six hours is needed in this situation. Don’t forget to call your doctor if sugar levels reach above 250 mg/dl. A type 1 diabetic with above 250 blood sugar, always runs the risk of getting affected by ketoacidosis. This situation happens when your body burns fat in the absence of glucose for energy. And in the process produces great levels of blood acids, called ketones. If your body produces ketones higher than the required amount, they can work as poison in your body. It is imperative to maintain the ketone level at par during this coronavirus pandemic in order to avoid emergency situations.
“It’s very important to monitor blood sugars and avoid extreme highs and extreme lows. Lows can present problems and require an ER visit. Conversely, with really high sugars the white cell function isn’t as good. When your white cells aren’t functioning well, it’s not optimal to fight off infection and puts someone at greater risk for complications.”
Gonzalvo offers the following direction on preserving blood sugar level in control.
“We never want it to be below 80 on a consistent basis. After eating, numbers that are greater than 180 are considered high. If people have trouble managing blood sugars, they will need to access the healthcare system which is already overburdened.”
Putting Priority to Mental Health
Having a sound mind is equally important at this critical time. Any imbalance in mental health can influence your diabetes and blood sugar levels. A study suggests that people with diabetes are more vulnerable to depression. In order to keep your inner joy flow, you have to take extra care, if necessary. Following activities can help you to maintain a positive mental health:
- When you get anxious take a deep breath slowly.
- Spend your idle time gossiping with your family members.
- You can connect virtually with friends who live in remote areas.
- Follow a healthy diet.
- Do some exercise daily
- Go to sleep on time and have plenty of it.
- Find other tasks that can help decrease stress.
As we early stated, the chance of catching covid-19 is equal for diabetic and non-diabetic people. So, there is nothing to worry about this virus. However, taking some precautionary measures and preparation can help a diabetic big time fighting this coronavirus. Besides, you must put extra emphasis to keep your mind fresh at this grave situation. Treat this time as a unique experience and remember nothing lasts forever.